RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF CITIZENS IN THE FIELD OF HEALTH
Federal Law of November 21, 2011 N 323-ФЗ "On the Basics of Protecting the Health of Citizens in the Russian Federation" (as amended)
On the basis of the federal law “On basic guarantees of the rights of the child in the Russian Federation” dated 07.24.1998. In accordance with Article 6 of the same Law “the rights from the child belong to and are guaranteed by the state ....”. When children receive medical care, the rights of the patient enshrined in the "Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of the health of citizens" apply to them. Due to age characteristics, physical and mental development, children are not able to fully realize their interests, use their rights and, if necessary, defend them independently, this is the responsibility of the legal representatives of the child (mother, father) until the child is 14 years old and obtaining a passport, after which the child has the right to make decisions independently.
1. The right to a respectful and humane attitude on the part of medical and service personnel: This is respect for the personality and interests of the patient, the requirement to take all possible measures to alleviate the pain associated with the disease, compliance with the sanitary and hygienic requirements for the patient undergoing examination and treatment, according to Article 30 “Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of the health of citizens”.
2. The right to choose a doctor, including the attending physician, as well as the choice of a medical and preventive institution. This is the patient’s right, based on his preferences, without any outside pressure to choose a doctor, including a treating one and a family one, taking into account his written consent, as well as the choice of a medical treatment institution among those with which agreements are made by insurance medical organizations, issuing to the patient a policy of compulsory or voluntary medical insurance, in accordance with article 30 of the “Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of public health”.
3. The right to be examined, treated and maintained in conditions that comply with sanitary and hygienic requirements. This is the compliance of hospitals with a number of departmental and regulatory documents governing the activities of healthcare facility personnel in the provision of medical care using medical devices, in accordance with sanitary-hygienic and sanitary anti-epidemic standards.
4. The right to consult and consult other specialists. This is the patient’s right to hold, at his request, consultations (meetings of several specialists) and consultations of other specialists whose professional knowledge is in demand during the provision of medical care, in accordance with clause 4 of Article 30 of the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on the Protection of Public Health.
5. The right to pain relief. This is the patient’s right to reduce or relieve pain associated with a disease, injury or medical intervention, using available methods and means, according to Article 31 of the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on the Protection of Citizens' Health.
6. The right to confidentiality of medical information. This is the patient’s right to non-disclosure without his consent of information about the fact of seeking medical care, health status, diagnosis and other medical and non-medical information received from him during the examination and treatment, in accordance with Articles 60.61 of the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on Health Protection citizens. "
7. The right to voluntary informed consent to medical intervention. It is the patient’s right not to undergo medical intervention that does not correspond to his informed and voluntary decision, based on information received in sufficient volume and in a form that is accessible to his understanding, according to Articles 30-34 of the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on the Protection of Public Health.
8. The right to refuse medical intervention. This is the right of the patient or his legal representative to refuse medical intervention or to demand its termination at any time after receiving, in a form that the patient understands, information about the possible consequences of such a refusal and recording it in medical documentation. The list of exceptions is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation, article 34 “Basics legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of public health. "
9. The right to receive information about rights, obligations and health status. This is the patient’s right to receive information in a form that he understands about his state of health, including information about the results of the examination, the presence of the disease, his diagnosis and prognosis, treatment methods, the risks associated with them, alternative options for medical intervention, their likely consequences, including the right to choose third parties to whom information on his health status can be transmitted in his interests, according to Article 61 of the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the Russian Federation on the Protection of Citizens' Health.
10. The right to receive medical care in the framework of voluntary medical insurance (voluntary medical insurance) in accordance with the Federal Law “On Medical Insurance of Citizens of the Russian Federation” This is the patient’s right to receive medical care.